ATmega168P Atmel Corporation, ATmega168P Datasheet - Page 280

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ATmega168P

Manufacturer Part Number
ATmega168P
Description
Manufacturer
Atmel Corporation
Datasheets

Specifications of ATmega168P

Flash (kbytes)
16 Kbytes
Pin Count
32
Max. Operating Frequency
20 MHz
Cpu
8-bit AVR
# Of Touch Channels
16
Hardware Qtouch Acquisition
No
Max I/o Pins
23
Ext Interrupts
24
Usb Speed
No
Usb Interface
No
Spi
2
Twi (i2c)
1
Uart
1
Graphic Lcd
No
Video Decoder
No
Camera Interface
No
Adc Channels
8
Adc Resolution (bits)
10
Adc Speed (ksps)
15
Analog Comparators
1
Resistive Touch Screen
No
Temp. Sensor
Yes
Crypto Engine
No
Sram (kbytes)
1
Eeprom (bytes)
512
Self Program Memory
YES
Dram Memory
No
Nand Interface
No
Picopower
Yes
Temp. Range (deg C)
-40 to 85
I/o Supply Class
1.8 to 5.5
Operating Voltage (vcc)
1.8 to 5.5
Fpu
No
Mpu / Mmu
no / no
Timers
3
Output Compare Channels
6
Input Capture Channels
1
Pwm Channels
6
32khz Rtc
Yes
Calibrated Rc Oscillator
Yes

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27.8
280
Addressing the Flash During Self-Programming
Self-Programming the Flash
ATmega48P/88P/168P
The Z-pointer is used to address the SPM commands.
Since the Flash is organized in pages (see
be treated as having two different sections. One section, consisting of the least significant bits, is
addressing the words within a page, while the most significant bits are addressing the pages.
This is1 shown in
addressed independently. Therefore it is of major importance that the Boot Loader software
addresses the same page in both the Page Erase and Page Write operation. Once a program-
ming operation is initiated, the address is latched and the Z-pointer can be used for other
operations.
The only SPM operation that does not use the Z-pointer is Setting the Boot Loader Lock bits.
The content of the Z-pointer is ignored and will have no effect on the operation. The LPM
instruction does also use the Z-pointer to store the address. Since this instruction addresses the
Flash byte-by-byte, also the LSB (bit Z0) of the Z-pointer is used.
Figure 27-3. Addressing the Flash During SPM
Note:
The program memory is updated in a page by page fashion. Before programming a page with
the data stored in the temporary page buffer, the page must be erased. The temporary page buf-
fer is filled one word at a time using SPM and the buffer can be filled either before the Page
Erase command or between a Page Erase and a Page Write operation:
Bit
ZH (R31)
ZL (R30)
Z - REGISTER
1. The different variables used in
PROGRAM MEMORY
BIT
PAGE
PROGRAM
COUNTER
15
Z15
15
Z7
7
Figure
PAGE ADDRESS
WITHIN THE FLASH
ZPCMSB
PCMSB
Z14
Z6
14
6
27-3. Note that the Page Erase and Page Write operations are
PCPAGE
Z13
13
Z5
5
Figure 27-3
ZPAGEMSB
PAGEMSB
Table 28-9 on page
PCWORD
Z12
Z4
12
4
WORD ADDRESS
WITHIN A PAGE
(1)
are listed in
1
Z11
0
0
11
Z3
3
INSTRUCTION WORD
PAGE
Table 27-9 on page
Z10
10
Z2
2
295), the Program Counter can
Z9
Z1
9
1
PCWORD[PAGEMSB:0]:
00
01
02
PAGEEND
287.
Z8
Z0
8
0
8025M–AVR–6/11

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