ATmega168P Atmel Corporation, ATmega168P Datasheet - Page 183

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ATmega168P

Manufacturer Part Number
ATmega168P
Description
Manufacturer
Atmel Corporation
Datasheets

Specifications of ATmega168P

Flash (kbytes)
16 Kbytes
Pin Count
32
Max. Operating Frequency
20 MHz
Cpu
8-bit AVR
# Of Touch Channels
16
Hardware Qtouch Acquisition
No
Max I/o Pins
23
Ext Interrupts
24
Usb Speed
No
Usb Interface
No
Spi
2
Twi (i2c)
1
Uart
1
Graphic Lcd
No
Video Decoder
No
Camera Interface
No
Adc Channels
8
Adc Resolution (bits)
10
Adc Speed (ksps)
15
Analog Comparators
1
Resistive Touch Screen
No
Temp. Sensor
Yes
Crypto Engine
No
Sram (kbytes)
1
Eeprom (bytes)
512
Self Program Memory
YES
Dram Memory
No
Nand Interface
No
Picopower
Yes
Temp. Range (deg C)
-40 to 85
I/o Supply Class
1.8 to 5.5
Operating Voltage (vcc)
1.8 to 5.5
Fpu
No
Mpu / Mmu
no / no
Timers
3
Output Compare Channels
6
Input Capture Channels
1
Pwm Channels
6
32khz Rtc
Yes
Calibrated Rc Oscillator
Yes

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20.6.3
8025M–AVR–6/11
Transmitter Flags and Interrupts
show a transmit function that handles 9-bit characters. For the assembly code, the data to be
sent is assumed to be stored in registers R17:R16.
Notes:
The ninth bit can be used for indicating an address frame when using multi processor communi-
cation mode or for other protocol handling as for example synchronization.
The USART Transmitter has two flags that indicate its state: USART Data Register Empty
(UDREn) and Transmit Complete (TXCn). Both flags can be used for generating interrupts.
The Data Register Empty (UDREn) Flag indicates whether the transmit buffer is ready to receive
new data. This bit is set when the transmit buffer is empty, and cleared when the transmit buffer
contains data to be transmitted that has not yet been moved into the Shift Register. For compat-
ibility with future devices, always write this bit to zero when writing the UCSRnA Register.
When the Data Register Empty Interrupt Enable (UDRIEn) bit in UCSRnB is written to one, the
USART Data Register Empty Interrupt will be executed as long as UDREn is set (provided that
global interrupts are enabled). UDREn is cleared by writing UDRn. When interrupt-driven data
transmission is used, the Data Register Empty interrupt routine must either write new data to
Assembly Code Example
C Code Example
USART_Transmit:
void USART_Transmit( unsigned int data )
{
}
; Wait for empty transmit buffer
sbis UCSRnA,UDREn
rjmp USART_Transmit
; Copy 9th bit from r17 to TXB8
cbi
sbrc r17,0
sbi
; Put LSB data (r16) into buffer, sends the data
out
ret
/* Wait for empty transmit buffer */
while ( !( UCSRnA & (1<<UDREn))) )
/* Copy 9th bit to TXB8 */
UCSRnB &= ~(1<<TXB8);
if ( data & 0x0100 )
/* Put data into buffer, sends the data */
UDRn = data;
1. These transmit functions are written to be general functions. They can be optimized if the con-
2.
UCSRnB |= (1<<TXB8);
See ”About Code Examples” on page 8.
tents of the UCSRnB is static. For example, only the TXB8 bit of the UCSRnB Register is used
after initialization.
UCSRnB,TXB8
UCSRnB,TXB8
UDRn,r16
;
(1)(2)
(1)(2)
ATmega48P/88P/168P
183

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