ATmega168P Atmel Corporation, ATmega168P Datasheet - Page 268

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ATmega168P

Manufacturer Part Number
ATmega168P
Description
Manufacturer
Atmel Corporation
Datasheets

Specifications of ATmega168P

Flash (kbytes)
16 Kbytes
Pin Count
32
Max. Operating Frequency
20 MHz
Cpu
8-bit AVR
# Of Touch Channels
16
Hardware Qtouch Acquisition
No
Max I/o Pins
23
Ext Interrupts
24
Usb Speed
No
Usb Interface
No
Spi
2
Twi (i2c)
1
Uart
1
Graphic Lcd
No
Video Decoder
No
Camera Interface
No
Adc Channels
8
Adc Resolution (bits)
10
Adc Speed (ksps)
15
Analog Comparators
1
Resistive Touch Screen
No
Temp. Sensor
Yes
Crypto Engine
No
Sram (kbytes)
1
Eeprom (bytes)
512
Self Program Memory
YES
Dram Memory
No
Nand Interface
No
Picopower
Yes
Temp. Range (deg C)
-40 to 85
I/o Supply Class
1.8 to 5.5
Operating Voltage (vcc)
1.8 to 5.5
Fpu
No
Mpu / Mmu
no / no
Timers
3
Output Compare Channels
6
Input Capture Channels
1
Pwm Channels
6
32khz Rtc
Yes
Calibrated Rc Oscillator
Yes

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26.1.3
26.2
268
Addressing the Flash During Self-Programming
ATmega48P/88P/168P
Performing a Page Write
If the EEPROM is written in the middle of an SPM Page Load operation, all data loaded will be
lost.
To execute Page Write, set up the address in the Z-pointer, write “00000101” to SPMCSR and
execute SPM within four clock cycles after writing SPMCSR. The data in R1 and R0 is ignored.
The page address must be written to PCPAGE. Other bits in the Z-pointer must be written to
zero during this operation.
• The CPU is halted during the Page Write operation.
The Z-pointer is used to address the SPM commands.
Since the Flash is organized in pages (see
be treated as having two different sections. One section, consisting of the least significant bits, is
addressing the words within a page, while the most significant bits are addressing the pages.
This is shown in
are addressed independently. Therefore it is of major importance that the software addresses
the same page in both the Page Erase and Page Write operation.
The LPM instruction uses the Z-pointer to store the address. Since this instruction addresses the
Flash byte-by-byte, also the LSB (bit Z0) of the Z-pointer is used.
Figure 26-1. Addressing the Flash During SPM
Note:
Bit
ZH (R31)
ZL (R30)
Z - REGISTER
1. The different variables used in
PROGRAM MEMORY
BIT
PAGE
PROGRAM
COUNTER
15
Figure 27-3 on page
Z15
15
Z7
7
PAGE ADDRESS
WITHIN THE FLASH
ZPCMSB
PCMSB
Z14
Z6
14
6
PCPAGE
Z13
13
Z5
5
280. Note that the Page Erase and Page Write operations
Figure 27-3
ZPAGEMSB
PAGEMSB
Table 28-9 on page
PCWORD
Z12
Z4
12
4
WORD ADDRESS
WITHIN A PAGE
(1)
are listed in
1
Z11
0
0
11
Z3
3
INSTRUCTION WORD
PAGE
Table 28-9 on page
Z10
10
Z2
2
295), the Program Counter can
Z9
Z1
9
1
PCWORD[PAGEMSB:0]:
00
01
02
PAGEEND
295.
Z8
Z0
8
0
8025M–AVR–6/11

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