ATmega168P Atmel Corporation, ATmega168P Datasheet - Page 36

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ATmega168P

Manufacturer Part Number
ATmega168P
Description
Manufacturer
Atmel Corporation
Datasheets

Specifications of ATmega168P

Flash (kbytes)
16 Kbytes
Pin Count
32
Max. Operating Frequency
20 MHz
Cpu
8-bit AVR
# Of Touch Channels
16
Hardware Qtouch Acquisition
No
Max I/o Pins
23
Ext Interrupts
24
Usb Speed
No
Usb Interface
No
Spi
2
Twi (i2c)
1
Uart
1
Graphic Lcd
No
Video Decoder
No
Camera Interface
No
Adc Channels
8
Adc Resolution (bits)
10
Adc Speed (ksps)
15
Analog Comparators
1
Resistive Touch Screen
No
Temp. Sensor
Yes
Crypto Engine
No
Sram (kbytes)
1
Eeprom (bytes)
512
Self Program Memory
YES
Dram Memory
No
Nand Interface
No
Picopower
Yes
Temp. Range (deg C)
-40 to 85
I/o Supply Class
1.8 to 5.5
Operating Voltage (vcc)
1.8 to 5.5
Fpu
No
Mpu / Mmu
no / no
Timers
3
Output Compare Channels
6
Input Capture Channels
1
Pwm Channels
6
32khz Rtc
Yes
Calibrated Rc Oscillator
Yes

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9.9
9.10
9.11
36
Clock Output Buffer
Timer/Counter Oscillator
System Clock Prescaler
ATmega48P/88P/168P
Table 9-16.
When applying an external clock, it is required to avoid sudden changes in the applied clock fre-
quency to ensure stable operation of the MCU. A variation in frequency of more than 2% from
one clock cycle to the next can lead to unpredictable behavior. If changes of more than 2% is
required, ensure that the MCU is kept in Reset during the changes.
Note that the System Clock Prescaler can be used to implement run-time changes of the internal
clock frequency while still ensuring stable operation. Refer to
36
The device can output the system clock on the CLKO pin. To enable the output, the CKOUT
Fuse has to be programmed. This mode is suitable when the chip clock is used to drive other cir-
cuits on the system. The clock also will be output during reset, and the normal operation of I/O
pin will be overridden when the fuse is programmed. Any clock source, including the internal RC
Oscillator, can be selected when the clock is output on CLKO. If the System Clock Prescaler is
used, it is the divided system clock that is output.
ATmega48P/88P/168P uses the same crystal oscillator for Low-frequency Oscillator and
Timer/Counter Oscillator. See
oscillator and crystal requirements.
ATmega48P/88P/168P share the Timer/Counter Oscillator Pins (TOSC1 and TOSC2) with
XTAL1 and XTAL2. When using the Timer/Counter Oscillator, the system clock needs to be four
times the oscillator frequency. Due to this and the pin sharing, the Timer/Counter Oscillator can
only be used when the Calibrated Internal RC Oscillator is selected as system clock source.
Applying an external clock source to TOSC1 can be done if EXTCLK in the ASSR Register is
written to logic one. See
description on selecting external clock as input instead of a 32.768 kHz watch crystal.
The ATmega48P/88P/168P has a system clock prescaler, and the system clock can be divided
by setting the
decrease the system clock frequency and the power consumption when the requirement for pro-
cessing power is low. This can be used with all clock source options, and it will affect the clock
frequency of the CPU and all synchronous peripherals. clk
divided by a factor as shown in
When switching between prescaler settings, the System Clock Prescaler ensures that no
glitches occurs in the clock system. It also ensures that no intermediate frequency is higher than
BOD enabled
Fast rising power
Slowly rising power
for details.
Power Conditions
Start-up Times for the External Clock Selection
”CLKPR – Clock Prescale Register” on page
”Asynchronous Operation of Timer/Counter2” on page 153
Start-up Time from Power-
”Low Frequency Crystal Oscillator” on page 33
Table 29-3 on page
down and Power-save
Reserved
6 CK
6 CK
6 CK
314.
I/O
Additional Delay from
”System Clock Prescaler” on page
387. This feature can be used to
, clk
Reset (V
14CK + 4.1 ms
14CK + 65 ms
ADC
14CK
, clk
CC
= 5.0V)
CPU
, and clk
for details on the
8025M–AVR–6/11
for further
SUT[1:0]
FLASH
00
01
10
11
are

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