ATmega168P Atmel Corporation, ATmega168P Datasheet - Page 223

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ATmega168P

Manufacturer Part Number
ATmega168P
Description
Manufacturer
Atmel Corporation
Datasheets

Specifications of ATmega168P

Flash (kbytes)
16 Kbytes
Pin Count
32
Max. Operating Frequency
20 MHz
Cpu
8-bit AVR
# Of Touch Channels
16
Hardware Qtouch Acquisition
No
Max I/o Pins
23
Ext Interrupts
24
Usb Speed
No
Usb Interface
No
Spi
2
Twi (i2c)
1
Uart
1
Graphic Lcd
No
Video Decoder
No
Camera Interface
No
Adc Channels
8
Adc Resolution (bits)
10
Adc Speed (ksps)
15
Analog Comparators
1
Resistive Touch Screen
No
Temp. Sensor
Yes
Crypto Engine
No
Sram (kbytes)
1
Eeprom (bytes)
512
Self Program Memory
YES
Dram Memory
No
Nand Interface
No
Picopower
Yes
Temp. Range (deg C)
-40 to 85
I/o Supply Class
1.8 to 5.5
Operating Voltage (vcc)
1.8 to 5.5
Fpu
No
Mpu / Mmu
no / no
Timers
3
Output Compare Channels
6
Input Capture Channels
1
Pwm Channels
6
32khz Rtc
Yes
Calibrated Rc Oscillator
Yes

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8025M–AVR–6/11
6. When the data packet has been transmitted, the TWINT Flag in TWCR is set, and TWSR
7. The application software should now examine the value of TWSR, to make sure that the
Even though this example is simple, it shows the principles involved in all TWI transmissions.
These can be summarized as follows:
• When the TWI has finished an operation and expects application response, the TWINT Flag is
• When the TWINT Flag is set, the user must update all TWI Registers with the value relevant for
• After all TWI Register updates and other pending application software tasks have been
In the following an assembly and C implementation of the example is given. Note that the code
below assumes that several definitions have been made, for example by using include-files.
set. The SCL line is pulled low until TWINT is cleared.
the next TWI bus cycle. As an example, TWDR must be loaded with the value to be transmitted
in the next bus cycle.
completed, TWCR is written. When writing TWCR, the TWINT bit should be set. Writing a one
to TWINT clears the flag. The TWI will then commence executing whatever operation was
specified by the TWCR setting.
not start any operation as long as the TWINT bit in TWCR is set. Immediately after the
application has cleared TWINT, the TWI will initiate transmission of the data packet.
is updated with a status code indicating that the data packet has successfully been sent.
The status code will also reflect whether a Slave acknowledged the packet or not.
data packet was successfully transmitted, and that the value of the ACK bit was as
expected. If TWSR indicates otherwise, the application software might take some special
action, like calling an error routine. Assuming that the status code is as expected, the
application must write a specific value to TWCR, instructing the TWI hardware to transmit
a STOP condition. Which value to write is described later on. However, it is important that
the TWINT bit is set in the value written. Writing a one to TWINT clears the flag. The TWI
will not start any operation as long as the TWINT bit in TWCR is set. Immediately after
the application has cleared TWINT, the TWI will initiate transmission of the STOP condi-
tion. Note that TWINT is NOT set after a STOP condition has been sent.
ATmega48P/88P/168P
223

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