MC68HC708AS48 FREESCALE [Freescale Semiconductor, Inc], MC68HC708AS48 Datasheet - Page 99



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FREESCALE [Freescale Semiconductor, Inc]
8.4 Functional Description
The CGM consists of three major submodules:
Figure 8-1
8.4.1 Crystal Oscillator Circuit
The crystal oscillator circuit consists of an inverting amplifier and an
external crystal. The OSC1 pin is the input to the amplifier and the OSC2
pin is the output. The SIMOSCEN signal from the system integration
module (SIM) enables the crystal oscillator circuit.
The CGMXCLK signal is the output of the crystal oscillator circuit and
runs at a rate equal to the crystal frequency. CGMXCLK is then buffered
to produce CGMRCLK, the PLL reference clock.
CGMXCLK can be used by other modules which require precise timing
for operation. The duty cycle of CGMXCLK is not guaranteed to be 50%
and depends on external factors, including the crystal and related
external components.
An externally generated clock also can feed the OSC1 pin of the crystal
oscillator circuit. Connect the external clock to the OSC1 pin and let the
OSC2 pin float.
Rev. 4.0
Crystal oscillator circuit — The crystal oscillator circuit generates
the constant crystal frequency clock, CGMXCLK.
Phase-locked loop (PLL) — The PLL generates the
programmable VCO frequency clock CGMVCLK.
Base clock selector circuit — This software-controlled circuit
selects either CGMXCLK divided by two or the VCO clock,
CGMVCLK, divided by two as the base clock, CGMOUT. The SIM
derives the system clocks from CGMOUT.
shows the structure of the CGM.
Clock Generator Module (CGM)
Clock Generator Module (CGM)
Functional Description
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